Monday, November 26, 2018

How to solve Quadratic Equations

The kuadarat equation has a general form $ ax^2 + bx + c = 0 $ with $ a \neq 0 $. The solution to the quadratic equation can be done in the following 5 ways. But, what is commonly used is factoring and the ABC formula. ABC formula is used when the method of factoring cannot be done easily. Consider one of the following examples that can be solved in the following 5 ways.
1. Solving quadratic equations by factori;
2. Solving quadratic equations by complete perfect squares;
3. Solving quadratic equations using the quadratic formula;
4. Solving quadratic equations by Substitution; and
5. Solving quadratic equations by difference of 2 squares

Question example:
Determine the solution equation $ x^2 + 4x - 5 = 0 $

Method 1: Solving quadratic equations by factori

$ \begin{align} x^2 + 4x - 5 & = 0 \\ (x - 1) (x + 5) & = 0 \\ x - 1 = 0 \ or \ & x + 5 = 0 \\ x = 1 \ or \ & x = -5 \end{align} $
So, the set of resolutions is {1, -5}.

Method 2: Solving quadratic equations by complete perfect squares

$ \begin{align} x^2 + 4x -5 & = 0 \\ x^2 + 4x & = 5 \\ x^2 + 4x + (\frac{b}{2})^2 & = 5+ (\frac{b}{2})^2 \\ x^2 + 4x + (\frac{4}{2})^2 & = 5+ (\frac{4}{2})^2 \\ x^2 + 4x + 2^2 & = 5+ 2^2 \\ (x +2)^2 & = 9 \\ x +2 & = \pm \sqrt{9} \\ x +2 & = \pm 3 \\ x & = -2 \pm 3 \\ x_1 & = -2 +3 = 1 \\ x_2 & = –2 - 3 = -5 \end{align} $
So, the set of resolutions is {1, -5}

Method 3: Solving quadratic equations using the quadratic formula

Formula: $ x_{1; 2} = \frac{-b \pm \sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a} $
$ x^2 + 4x - 5 = 0; \ \ \ a = 1, \ b = 4, \ c = -5 $

$ \Rightarrow \\ \begin{align} x_{1; 2} & = \frac{-(4) \pm \sqrt{(4)^2-(4)(1)(- 5)}}{2(1)} \\ & = \frac{-4 \pm \sqrt{16 + 20}}{2} \\ & = \frac{-4 \pm \sqrt{36}}{2} \\ & = \frac{-4 \pm 6}{2} \\ \\ x_1 & = \frac{-4 + 6}{2} \\ & = \frac{2 }{2} \\ & = 1 \\ \\ x_2 & = \frac{-4-6}{2} \\ & = \frac{-10}{2} \\ & = - 5 \end{align} $
So, the set of resolutions is {1, -5}

Method 4: Solving quadratic equations by Substitution $ x = y- \frac{b}{2a} $

Substitution:
$ \begin{align} x & = y- \frac{b}{2a} \\ & = y- \frac{4}{2 \dot 1} \\ & = y-2 \end{align} $
to $ x ^ 2 + 4x - 5 = 0 $
obtained:
$ \begin{align} (y-2)^2 +4 (y-2) - 5 & = 0 \\ y^2-4y + 4 + 4y-8-5 & = 0 \\ y^2-9 & = 0 \\ y^2 & = 9 \\ y & = \pm 3 \end{align} $
so,
$ \begin{align} x_1 & = 3-2 \\ & = 1 \\ x_2 & = –3 - 2 \\ & = –5 \end{align} $
So, the set of resolutions is {1, -5}.

Method 5: Solving quadratic equations by Difference 2 squares

We can change each quadratic equation to the difference of 2 squares as follows.
$ \begin{align} (x + p)^2 -q^2 & = 0 \\ x^2 + 2px + p^2 - q^2 & = 0 \\ x^2 + 4x –5 & = 0 \end{align} $
Obtained:
$ \begin{align} 2p & = 4 \\ p & = 2 \end{align} $
$ \begin{align} p^2-q^2 & = –5 \\ 4 - q^2 & = –5 \\ q^2 & = 9 \Rightarrow q = 3 \end{align} $
So that,
$ \begin{align} (x + p)^2 - q^2 & = 0 \\ (x + p + q) (x + p - q) & = 0 \\ (x + 2 + 3) (x + 2-3) & = 0 \\ (x + 5) (x -1) & = 0 \\ x = –5 \ or \ x & = 1 \end{align} $ ,
So, the set of resolutions is {1, -5}.

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